WHAT CAUSES RECTAL PAIN AND BLEEDING?
Rectal pain and associated bleeding can be the result of several underlying health conditions. Some of the most common causes of rectal pain and bleeding include:
- Anal fissure
- Colon polyps
- Diverticular disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease
Less commonly, rectal pain and bleeding may be the result of cancer in the colon, rectum or anus.
WHEN SHOULD I SEEK TREATMENT FOR RECTAL PAIN AND BLEEDING?
You should seek emergency medical treatment for rectal pain and bleeding if you also experience shortness of breath, confusion or changes in your vision.
In most cases, you can identify rectal bleeding in your stool or on the toilet paper after wiping, which may appear as bright red blood or black, tarry stools.
HOW IS RECTAL BLEEDING AND PAIN DIAGNOSED?
Dr. Ashwath and his medical team offer comprehensive, in-office evaluations for rectal bleeding and pain. They begin by reviewing your medical history, existing health and your symptoms.
You can expect a physical exam of your anus to identify hemorrhoids or other external abnormalities. Dr. Ashwath may also perform a manual exam of your rectum, using a finger to check for inflammation or other internal issues that may be causing pain or bleeding.
In some cases, an endoscopy is necessary to further evaluate your rectum and other lower gastrointestinal tract structures. Your provider inserts a slender tube with an attached camera into the anus, which sends real-time images to a monitor that your doctor watches closely.
WHAT TREATMENTS ARE AVAILABLE FOR RECTAL PAIN AND BLEEDING?
Treatment for rectal pain and bleeding depends on the severity and root cause of your symptoms.
If you have hemorrhoids, your provider can prescribe a cream to shrink the enlarged veins or recommend a procedure using a rubber band or laser technologies to destroy the swollen vein.
When rectal bleeding and pain result from constipation, you may benefit from medications to soften the stool and make it easier to pass.