WHAT IS GASTRITIS?
Gastritis is a condition that develops due to inflammation in the lining of your stomach. In acute gastritis, you experience episodes of sudden, severe inflammation. Chronic gastritis causes long-term inflammation that can last for years.
You may develop gastritis due to weakness in your protective stomach lining that allows in digestive juices, which inflame and damage the stomach lining. You can also experience gastritis symptoms if you have a bacterial infection in your gastrointestinal tract.
Other risk factors for gastritis include:
- Drug use
- Heavy alcohol use
If you frequently use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, like ibuprofen, you can also damage the lining of your stomach and increase your risk for developing gastritis.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GASTRITIS?
Some people with gastritis will experience no symptoms. However, you may notice you feel a fullness in your upper abdomen after eating.
Other common symptoms associated with gastritis include:
HOW IS GASTRITIS DIAGNOSED?
During your evaluation, Dr. Ashwath reviews your medical history, existing health and the severity of your symptoms.
To confirm gastritis and rule out other underlying medical conditions, your provider may perform an endoscopy. This procedure involves inserting a slender tube with an attached camera into your throat and down into your stomach to identify areas of inflammation or damage to the protective lining.
HOW IS GASTRITIS TREATED?
If you have an existing bacterial infection in your gastrointestinal tract, you may need a course of antibiotics to clear it. Your provider may recommend over-the-counter or prescription medications that interfere with the production of stomach acids.